Raya Dunayevskaya on Khrushchev and the Russian Bureaucrats

The Marxists Internet Archive has made available a 1956 analysis of post-Stalin Russia (“Where Is Russia Going?“) by Raya Dunayevskaya. This unsigned piece appeared in the March 30, 1956 issue of News & Letters, the same issue which carried a column by Dunayevskaya on the 20th congress of the Communist Party, at which Khrushchev delivered his “cult of personality” speech.

This cartoon accompanied the article “Where Is Russia Going?”

Dunayevskaya was less impressed by the campaign to lose the Stalinist baggage than the efforts to impose the will of the bureaucracy (Khrushchev, Bulganin, Zhukov, et al) on the Russian working class. She had a strong focus during this period on the revolt of the Russian workers, which formed a central part of her Marxism and Freedom, published in 1957.

Note in this piece the emphasis on the hope placed in technology as a means of control, identical to its use in the west. She wrote, “The bureaucracy hopes to overcome workers’ resistance by automation. No private property capitalist has ever dreamed more fantastic dreams of push-button factories without workers, than the present dreams of the Russian state capitalists.”

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